saeed khani

Professional mastering tips from Saeed Khani


Saeed Khani is a professional musician and producer of the Iranian music industry who has been able to teach many informative tips to those interested in this industry. He started his professional activity in 2007 and has been able to
To participate directly and indirectly in the production of many popular and popular songs.

Mastering has always been a very critical step in the production of a work, and due to the high level of precision required for it, it has become a magical and somewhat scary operation!

Leave a proper distance between mixing and mastering

Always try to leave a space between the mixing and mastering process so that the ear rests and you can judge the sounds more easily and accurately. This point always has a positive effect on the process of finalizing your projects. At least one night is needed between these two processes, it is even better if possible not to listen to the mix project for a few days or a few weeks so that you can go to the mastering with a fresh and more accurate ear and be able to recognize the smallest flaws and points of your work.

Always remember that there are differences between mixing and mastering; In the mix, we try to balance the frequency and amplitude of the sounds so that the music components have the best sound together. But in mastering, we try to improve the overall sound of a single song or parts of an album so that they are at the same level in terms of sound intensity, and if there are any problems, we can fix them.

For this reason, resting the ears to continue the mastering operation increases your chances of making better and more accurate judgments. Seeking advice from experts and skilled people can help you achieve the best results.

Be aware of how your music plays on different devices

For a long time, various people knew the importance of the mastering stage only in making the music sound as loud as possible, but today we see many changes. Today, people listen to music digitally; Like digital radios or with the help of player software.

In applications such as Spotify and iTunes, the tracks undergo changes before being played in order to be heard in the best possible way, one of these changes is to level the volume of different tracks. This idea was formed from the fact that the different songs in the playlist or radio podcasts had a lot of ups and downs in the volume and the listener had to manually increase or decrease the volume. But with software algorithms and manipulation in podcasts, the sound level of all parts is set at this specific level so that the listener can enjoy the music without manipulating the volume.

Now with these changes, why should we sacrifice the sound dynamics for its loudness?

So it is better not to take away the dynamics and soul of the sound by limiting the size too much.

Use multiband compressors

In many cases, the use of single-band (normal) compressors may not bring you the desired result. In such cases, the use of multiband compressors can be your solution. The use of Multiband Compressors allows you to control the dynamics of each range in a dedicated and unique way, and the effects of each band work only in their range. For example, by controlling the low frequency range, you increase the transparency of the music, but you allow the middle areas to act separately and breathe, so to speak.

In using multi-channel compressors, be careful and do not overdo it, of course, this is a skill that is acquired over time, experience and practice.

 Be sure to add a fade at the beginning and end of the piece

In mastering, unwanted noises may be heard at the beginning and end of the piece, which were not heard before due to reasons such as the lack of a limiter, or were not so clear, which naturally makes your music look ugly at the beginning and end. If you use special mastering software, you can specify the amount of sound fading at the beginning and end of the work. Also, if you use DAWs for mastering, this feature is easier in them and you can do it manually.

Use exciters

Exciters can add clarity and shine to the sound in high frequency areas that are beyond the power of simple equalizers. This transparency makes the sound more dynamic and more beautiful.

Exciter adds clarity to your voice by increasing harmonics, phase changes and adding a little distortion in high frequencies.

Be sure to use these tools in your mastering phase if needed!

Use different and new equalizers

If necessary, important and vital changes can be made with the equalizer in the mastering stage, but we do not recommend it. For example, if an element in the mix needs to be raised or heard less, it can be changed with a band of equalizers to achieve new sounds with a limited range. And we can also use the equalizer in mastering to achieve the sound character we want.

 Match the sounds together

Stitching music together is less popular than it used to be, but some people still like to mix album tracks together so that the end of one starts immediately without a pause. You can do this in your DAW by layering tracks, using the feed option, or you can do this with a dedicated tool such as Steinberg WaveLab’s montage section, which is dedicated for this purpose.

 Dieter is good for use or not?!

If the Bit Depth of your music is 32 or 24 and you want to convert it to 16, the best thing is to use dither. Dither adds noise to the sound, which minimizes digital distortions during conversion and does not cause a large quality loss in this operation. Dieter’s efficiency in converting the format to a format like MP3 is completely felt.

It is not at all strange and unusual that you always like to use more and more intensity in mastering and increase the feeder, because it seems that the sound looks better!

In the compression and limiting stage, pay more attention to the sound before you reduce the dynamics too much and take the soul and life of the music and the analyzers are closer to 0 dB; If it’s loud enough, why do we need it? Reduce the intensity of the action a little, it may be better this way sometimes. And it is also good to sometimes resist the temptation to further limit the music.


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